OK, last one on the Paul Sellers palm gauge-cum-beading tool.
As a boy I was shown the screw in the block of wood method for making side beads quickly with no fuss and no tearout that can typically occur with moulding planes run against the grain. This method is highly efficient use of time and materials and I use it more than any other.
I use a regular slotted steel, countersunk screw…
… and refine the screw head a little as shown in the drawings and the picture.
This is not necessarily always the case and on the job, away from the shop, a regular straight slot screw with no refinement works. I refine it to actually form a cutter for some of my work. it gives an ultra-clean and crisp edge.
For the front edge of say a shelf, to make it look thinner perhaps, you need only run the bead on the face. On the corner of a cabinet or on the leg, it was common to create what we call a staff bead. This simply means running the tool from both faces to create what is shown in the drawings and picture.
There is too much to list here for the use of this tool and the use of beads like this, but this was one of the most used of all the beads and was used around cabinet drawers and doors to form a break-free edge. It was highly innovative and was used a lot in high-wear areas such as workshops, offices and kitchens in the 18-19th centuries.
All drawings are copyrighted from my Journal: A Woodworkers Journal by Paul Sellers and used with permission of Paul Sellers and the New Legacy Foundation